FreeBSD的启动信息参考


FreeBSD 在 i386?上启动,如果启动正常,您将看到在屏幕上有很多信息滚动,最后您会看到登陆命令行。 您可以通过键入 Scroll-Lock和使用 PgUp 与 PgDn来查看信息,再键入 Scroll-Lock 回到命令行。 记录信息可能不会显示(缓冲区的限制)。您可以通过键入 dmesg 来查看。 使用您在安装过程中设置的用户名/密码来登陆。(例子中使用 rpratt)。除非必须的时候请不要用 root 用户登陆。典型的启动信息:(忽略版本信息)

Copyright (c) 1992-2002 The FreeBSD Project.
Copyright (c) 1979, 1980, 1983, 1986, 1988, 1989, 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994
    The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved.
Timecounter "i8254" frequency 1193182 Hz
CPU: AMD-K6(tm) 3D processor (300.68-MHz 586-class CPU)
 Origin = "AuthenticAMD" Id = 0x580 Stepping = 0
 Features=0x8001bf
 AMD Features=0x80000800
real memory = 268435456 (262144K bytes)
config> di sn0
config> di lnc0
config> di le0
config> di ie0
config> di fe0
config> di cs0
config> di bt0
config> di aic0
config> di aha0
config> di adv0
config> q
avail memory = 256311296 (250304K bytes)
Preloaded elf kernel "kernel" at 0xc0491000.
Preloaded userconfig_script "/boot/kernel.conf" at 0xc049109c.
md0: Malloc disk
Using $PIR table, 4 entries at 0xc00fde60
npx0:
on motherboard
npx0: INT 16 interface
pcib0:
on motherboard
pci0:
on pcib0
pcib1:
at device 1.0 on pci0
pci1:
on pcib1
pci1:
at 0.0 irq 11
isab0:
at device 7.0 on pci0
isa0:
on isab0
atapci0:
port 0xe000-0xe00f at device 7.1 on pci0
ata0: at 0x1f0 irq 14 on atapci0
ata1: at 0x170 irq 15 on atapci0
uhci0:
port 0xe400-0xe41f irq 10 at device 7.2 on pci0
usb0:
on uhci0
usb0: USB revision 1.0
uhub0: VIA UHCI root hub, class 9/0, rev 1.00/1.00, addr 1
uhub0: 2 ports with 2 removable, self powered
chip1:
at device 7.3 on pci0
ed0:
port 0xe800-0xe81f irq 9 at
device 10.0 on pci0
ed0: address 52:54:05:de:73:1b, type NE2000 (16 bit)
isa0: too many dependant configs (8)
isa0: unexpected small tag 14
fdc0:
at port 0x3f0-0x3f5,0x3f7 irq 6 drq 2 on isa0
fdc0: FIFO enabled, 8 bytes threshold
fd0: <1440-KB 3.5" drive> on fdc0 drive 0
atkbdc0:
at port 0x60-0x64 on isa0
atkbd0:
flags 0x1 irq 1 on atkbdc0
kbd0 at atkbd0
psm0:
irq 12 on atkbdc0
psm0: model Generic PS/2 mouse, device ID 0
vga0:
at port 0x3c0-0x3df iomem 0xa0000-0xbffff on isa0
sc0:
at flags 0x1 on isa0
sc0: VGA <16 virtual consoles, flags=0x300>
sio0 at port 0x3f8-0x3ff irq 4 flags 0x10 on isa0
sio0: type 16550A
sio1 at port 0x2f8-0x2ff irq 3 on isa0
sio1: type 16550A
ppc0:
at port 0x378-0x37f irq 7 on isa0
ppc0: SMC-like chipset (ECP/EPP/PS2/NIBBLE) in COMPATIBLE mode
ppc0: FIFO with 16/16/15 bytes threshold
ppbus0: IEEE1284 device found /NIBBLE
Probing for PnP devices on ppbus0:
plip0:
on ppbus0
lpt0:
on ppbus0
lpt0: Interrupt-driven port
ppi0:
on ppbus0
ad0: 8063MB
[16383/16/63] at ata0-master using UDMA33
ad2: 8063MB
[16383/16/63] at ata1-master using UDMA33
acd0: CDROM
at ata0-slave using PIO4
Mounting root from ufs:/dev/ad0s1a
swapon: adding /dev/ad0s1b as swap device
Automatic boot in progress...
/dev/ad0s1a: FILESYSTEM CLEAN; SKIPPING CHECKS
/dev/ad0s1a: clean, 48752 free (552 frags, 6025 blocks, 0.9% fragmentation)
/dev/ad0s1f: FILESYSTEM CLEAN; SKIPPING CHECKS
/dev/ad0s1f: clean, 128997 free (21 frags, 16122 blocks, 0.0% fragmentation)
/dev/ad0s1g: FILESYSTEM CLEAN; SKIPPING CHECKS
/dev/ad0s1g: clean, 3036299 free (43175 frags, 374073 blocks, 1.3% fragmentation)
/dev/ad0s1e: filesystem CLEAN; SKIPPING CHECKS
/dev/ad0s1e: clean, 128193 free (17 frags, 16022 blocks, 0.0% fragmentation)
Doing initial network setup: hostname.
ed0: flags=8843
mtu 1500
    inet 192.168.0.1 netmask 0xffffff00 broadcast 192.168.0.255
    inet6 fe80::5054::5ff::fede:731b%ed0 prefixlen 64 tentative scopeid 0x1
    ether 52:54:05:de:73:1b
lo0: flags=8049
mtu 16384
    inet6 fe80::1%lo0 prefixlen 64 scopeid 0x8
    inet6 ::1 prefixlen 128
    inet 127.0.0.1 netmask 0xff000000
Additional routing options: IP gateway=YES TCP keepalive=YES
routing daemons:.
additional daemons: syslogd.
Doing additional network setup:.
Starting final network daemons: creating ssh RSA host key
Generating public/private rsa1 key pair.
Your identification has been saved in /etc/ssh/ssh_host_key.
Your public key has been saved in /etc/ssh/ssh_host_key.pub.
The key fingerprint is:
cd:76:89:16:69:0e:d0:6e:f8:66:d0:07:26:3c:7e:2d root@k6-2.example.com
creating ssh DSA host key
Generating public/private dsa key pair.
Your identification has been saved in /etc/ssh/ssh_host_dsa_key.
Your public key has been saved in /etc/ssh/ssh_host_dsa_key.pub.
The key fingerprint is:
f9:a1:a9:47:c4:ad:f9:8d:52:b8:b8:ff:8c:ad:2d:e6 root@k6-2.example.com.
setting ELF ldconfig path: /usr/lib /usr/lib/compat /usr/X11R6/lib
/usr/local/lib
a.out ldconfig path: /usr/lib/aout /usr/lib/compat/aout /usr/X11R6/lib/aout
starting standard daemons: inetd cron sshd usbd sendmail.
Initial rc.i386 initialization:.
rc.i386 configuring syscons: blank_time screensaver moused.
Additional ABI support: linux.
Local package initialization:.
Additional TCP options:.
FreeBSD/i386 (k6-2.example.com) (ttyv0)
login: rpratt
Password:

  生成 RSA 和 DSA密钥在比较慢的机器上可能要花很长时间。这只是一个新安装后的首次启动,以后的启动会变得更快一点。 如果 X 服务器已经配置好了,默认的桌面也选择好了,就可以在命令行键入 startx 来启动视察环境



相关阅读:
FreeBSD新核心无法开机
带有图片预览功能的上传表单的完整HTML
mysql常见错误集锦
DevCon工具以命令行禁用或启用网卡
DBA 1.0与DBA眼中的DBA 2.0时代
第七节 类的静态成员 [7]
中篇:安装及配置PHP
iis运行asp.net页面提示“服务器应用程序不可用”的解决办法
WEBJX整理几条Windows 8系统的新特性的特点
Hyper-V实战之多个Windows 2008安装
怎样用代码隐藏、最大化、最小化ACCESS的主窗口
Linux受诺基亚提拔 手机系统战国纷争
iOS4.2对支持HTML5新特性
AMD Fusion游戏工具在Intel平台上的运行
快速导航

Copyright © 2016 phpStudy |