JS 操作符整理[推荐收藏]


Arithmetic Operators
算术运算符

Operator Description Example Result
+ Addition
x=2
y=2
x+y
4
- Subtraction
x=5
y=2
x-y
3
* Multiplication
x=5
y=4
x*y
20
/ Division
15/5
5/2
3
2.5
% Modulus (division remainder)
余数
5%2
10%8
10%2
1
2
0
++ Increment
递增
x=5
x++
x=6
-- Decrement
递减
x=5
x--
x=4

Assignment Operators
赋值运算符

Operator Example Is The Same As
= x=y x=y
+= x+=y x=x+y
-= x-=y x=x-y
*= x*=y x=x*y
/= x/=y x=x/y
%= x%=y x=x%y

Comparison Operators
比较(关系)运算符

Operator Description Example
== is equal to
等于
5==8 returns false
=== is equal to (checks for both value and type)
等于(检查值和类型)*全吻合才算相等
x=5
y="5"

x==y returns true
x===y returns false

!= is not equal
不等于
5!=8 returns true
> is greater than
大于
5>8 returns false
< is less than
小于
5<8 returns true
>= is greater than or equal to
大于等于
5>=8 returns false
<= is less than or equal to
小于等于
5<=8 returns true

Logical Operators
逻辑运算符

Operator Description Example
&& and
x=6
y=3

(x < 10 && y > 1) returns true

|| or
x=6
y=3

(x==5 || y==5) returns false

! not
x=6
y=3

!(x==y) returns true

String Operator
串符(连接作用)

A string is most often text, for example "Hello World!". To stick two or more string variables together, use the + operator.
在文字当中使用的比较多,举例来说“Hello World!”要将两个或多个字符串变量衔接在一起的话就得使用 + 符号

txt1="What a very"
txt2="nice day!"

txt3=txt1+txt2 

The variable txt3 now contains "What a verynice day!".
txt3变量现在包含“What a verynice day!”(把1和2衔接起来了)

To add a space between two string variables, insert a space into the expression, OR in one of the strings.
要给两个字符串变量中间添加空格就得在表达式里插入空格,或在其中的一个加上(空格)

txt1="What a very"
txt2="nice day!"
txt3=txt1+" "+txt2
or
txt1="What a very "
txt2="nice day!"
txt3=txt1+txt2

The variable txt3 now contains "What a very nice day!".
现在变量txt3为“What a very nice day!”

Conditional Operator
条件运算符

JavaScript also contains a conditional operator that assigns a value to a variable based on some condition.
JS有根据条件不同给变量不同值的条件运算符

Syntax
语法

variablename=(condition)?value1:value2 

Example
例子

greeting=(visitor=="PRES")?"Dear President ":"Dear "

If the variable visitor is equal to PRES, then put the string "Dear President " in the variable named greeting. If the variable visitor is not equal to PRES, then put the string "Dear " into the variable named greeting.
如果变量visitor的值等于PRES那么greeting的值就为"Dear President "。如果不为PRES那么greeting的值就为"Dear"



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